Bioenergy can be very beneficial as it produces low emission electricity from waste but has its own set of challenges.
Bioenergy is the oldest form of energy on the planet. Bioenergy is the technique of extracting large amounts of clean, low-emission electricity from the waste efficiently. Agricultural, forestry, and municipal wastes are extensively used as fuel sources, with sugar cane waste ("bagasse") being the most popular.
Here is a list of advantages and challenges that are faced by bioenergy:
● Bioenergy facilities are dispatchable, which means they can be turned on and off quickly. This gives electrical grid operators additional flexibility in responding to peak demand periods.
● Bioenergy is a renewable energy source that can earn users tax credits from the US government if they use it.
● Bioenergy produces very few greenhouse gases and is carbon neutral. The following crop of plants reabsorbs the carbon produced by biomass.
● Bioenergy is a dependable renewable energy source. Waste that can be transformed to energy will never be in short supply.
● Agriculture will provide a steady energy supply as long as there is agriculture.
● Bioenergy crops aid in the stabilization of soils, the improvement of soil fertility, and the reduction of erosion.
● Bioenergy can be stored with minimal loss of energy.
● Bioenergy is often converted into liquid fuels such as ethanol or biodiesel, which can then be used in combustion engines. Electric motors, on the other hand, can be 2–3 times more efficient than internal combustion engines, making bioenergy for vehicle transportation significantly less productive in terms of energy.
● If natural forests are not restored, using wood from them might contribute to deforestation.
● Solar power, for example, is substantially more land-efficient than other renewable sources.
● Biomass harvesting, transportation, and handling costs can be costly.
● Because bioenergy facilities have a large footprint and require a lot of room, their site options are limited.
● Biomass storage and processing necessitate a lot of room.
● Some fuel sources are only available during certain times of the year.
● In some circumstances, it may compete with food production.